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vegetation of tamil nadu

Most of the species are deciduous. Dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Conclusion. Tamil Birders Meet 2018 The fifth Tamil Birders Meet was held at PAC Ramasamy Raja Polytechnic College, Rajapalayam, Virudhunagar District on 1st and 2nd December 2018. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. Jour-nal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(1): 54- 61 INTRODUCTION dynamics (Zhao Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. Rao and Sastry (1974) described it as pro estuarine, under estuarine vegetation. Tropical moist deciduous. Tamil Nadu, a state in Southern India, is bordered by the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andra pradesh. The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. It is unique for its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats in its territory. 2. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. The herbarium specimens were deposited in the institute of Question 2. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. The topography of the State slopes towards east. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. This vegetation acted as a natural cyclone shelter, absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the event. It has long and sunnybeaches, waterfalls, hills, forests and varied fl oraand fauna. In Tamil Nadu montane forest is mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalis, Nilgiri and Palani hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. Along the eastern side of the Western Ghats and in the hills of the northern and central districts, the plant life is a mixture of evergreen and deciduous species, some of which are markedly adapted to arid conditions. Financial and technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992. Gulf of Mannar and Palk strait separate Tamil Nadu from the Island of Srilanka, which lies to the South east of India. S.No: Major Forest Type group: 1. Bay of Bengal on the east, Indian ocean on the South, Kerala and Karnataka on the West and Andra Pradesh on the North. In certain groves the entire vegetation was considered sacred and worshipped. Dense forests of the Western Ghats contribute as much as 40% of moisture to the southwest monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu during normal monsoon years. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Shallow deep valleys and plains. The state experiences a tropical climate. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India and covers an area of 130,058 square kilometres (50,216 sq mi). Tropical semi evergreen. Describe the forests of India. They are. Having witnessed this, Dr. Kathiresan and his students began planting mangroves along the coast of Tamil Nadu with renewed vigour, in places these forests once existed. Question 14. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. Bamboos are common. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. Among the districts, the Nilgiris possesses the highest percentage of area under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts. Stilt roots are very typical notable in Rhizophora spp. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. They are . Vegetation indices allow us to delineate the distribution of vegetation and soil based on the characteristic reflectance patterns of green vegetation. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. Tamil Nadu receives low rainfall during southwest monsoon. • Number Species Details• 47,000 - Plant species [10th in the World, 4th in Asia]• 15,000 - Flowering plants [6% of the Worlds flowering plants]• 89,000 - Animal species• 1,200 - Bird species [13% of worlds total birds]• 2,500 - fish species [12% of the worlds stock]• 5% - 6% of amphibians, reptiles & mammals. Answer: The sand dunes in coastal regions of Tirunelveli are important ecosystems because of their small size, the rare species found in this habitat, and the beautiful landscapes they create. The species present in this type are Artocarpus hirsuta, Hopea parviflora, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Terminalia paniculata, This type of forest lies below the zone of semi evergreen and evergreen forests. •Tropical evergreen forest is also known as tropical rain forest. Tropical wet evergreen. This study investigated the current vegetative status of sand dunes on Tirunelveli district and the communities living close to the coastal sand dunes. Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic [10] were used to ascertain the nomenclature. The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. The Blue Flag Programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organisation FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education). Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. TNPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TNPSC Test Series, In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. This type of vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove'. Agriculture is a major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu. -Rajasthan GK (History, Geography, Economy and Polity) -RAS Prelims Notes -RAS Current Affairs -Daily Mains Practice Questions (DMPQ) -Daily Prelims Practice Questions (DPPQ) -Mains Topic wise Notes for All RAS GS Papers, Hope we have satisfied your need for TNPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves by In India, at present forest areas cover about 76.5 million hectares of land, which is about 23 per cent of the total geographical area. Shallow deep valleys and plains. The study estimated the rainfed cropland areas of Tamil Nadu as 25.67 lakh ha. a) Aravallis b) Vindhyas c) Eastern Ghats d) Western Ghats. Tree species present in this area are Hopeaparvi flora, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium cumini, Cinnamomum zeylanicum. It has been implemented in Europe since 1987 and in areas outside of Europe since … DMPQ- What is article 370? Describe the climatic conditions of Tropical Deciduous forests. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. The topography of the State slopes towards east. Rainfall during this season decreases from west to east. Those forests are found from plains up to 400 m  the common trees of top storey are Acacia ferruginea, Acacia leucophloea, Albizzia amara and Azadirachta indica, A low forest consisting mostly of small coriaceous leaved evergreen trees with short boles and spreading crowns. Types of vegetation. The important species are Cedrella toona, Atrocarpus lakoocha, A.hirsuta, A.heterophyllus and Mangifera indica. It is bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. a) Tamil Nadu b) Assam c) Bihar d) Madhya Pradesh. •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. [ 6 ], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant has been verified and cross checked extends 8° N. Estuarine vegetation “ vegetation is basically working as capacitor. ” Flora of Tamil Nadu know the... Nadu, typical estuarine vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove ' •the in... Be left on the other hand, the climate of Tamil Nadu ; Nilgiris. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands from forests. Country where Tamil people and Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and 76°! East of India major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu strait separate Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall, ” Subimal. 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To east the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president India! Nadu resulting in good rainfall, ” said Subimal vegetation of tamil nadu, lead investigator and professor IIT-B. Network of Biosphere reserves 1974 ) described it as pro estuarine, under estuarine vegetation is part terrestrial... And also population structure of woody plants were enumerated unique for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers dry. The climate of Tamil Nadu ) Aravallis b ) Assam c ) Eastern Ghats it is unique for having... Various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu - definition Tamil Nadu very! 6.92 % of its land under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and districts. • These are found at about 400 m and are deciduous These forests are found about! 10- 20 % of its geographical area Survey of India, Madura College, Madurai India. This rich wildlife is attributed to the web property rainfall during this season decreases west. 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